We’ve been able to compile a comprehensive list of the various examination bodies in the country. Their overview, the examinations they conduct and certificate given will be discussed here. If you have any question, write it in the comment section below this post.
1. West African Examinations Council, WAEC
The West African Examinations Council, established in 1952 is West Africa’s foremost examining board established by law to determine the examinations required in the public interest in the English-speaking West African countries, to conduct the examinations and to award certificates comparable to those of equivalent examining authorities internationally. It is organised in 5 West African countries which are: Nigeria, Ghana, Sierra-Leone, The Gambia and Liberai. The official website of WAEC in Nigeria is www.waecnigeria.org
WAEC conducts the West African Senior Secondary Certificate Examination. It is an O’Level exam conducted two times a year for two different categories of secondary school students.
1. May/June SSCE (internal): This is the exam conducted in public and private schools in Nigeria. Most subjects are in two sections, theory and objective while practical are conducted for some of the science courses.
2. Oct/Nov SSCE (external): This one is commonly referred to as GCE and it is conducted for students (private candidates) who are not registered in any approved public aor private secondary school but wish to get a SSCE result. It is mostly theoretical as there are no practicals.
At the end of the exams, the results of candidates are released after a 45 days marking period. Candidates are then issued a certificate (original result) after another 45 days which is a total of 90 days after sitting for the exam. The certificate issued is an internationally accepted O’Level certificate as students can use it to study in any international university or higher institution. Candidates that sat for the SSCE internal exams can collect their certificate from the school they wrote the exam while private candidates can collect their certificate from WAEC state offices.
2. National Examinations Council, NECO
The establishment of the National Examinations Council (NECO) in April 1999, is a culmination of reaction of the Federal Government to widespread escalating agitations for a national examination outfit that would be responsive to the Nigerian needs and demands as well as cope with the annually increasing number of secondary school candidates to take Senior School Certificate Examination (SSCE) nationwide. Series of panels had earlier been set up to address the issues before this vital decision was taken. The official website of the NECO is www.neco.gov.ng
NECO conducts the major examinations at the basic and secondary education levels in Nigeria. There are four certificate awarding exams which are listed below.
1. June/July SSCE (internal): This is the exam conducted in public and private schools in Nigeria. Most subjects are in two sections, theory and objective while practical are conducted for some of the science courses.
2. Nov/Dec SSCE (external): This one is commonly referred to as GCE and it is conducted for students who are not registered in any approved public or private secondary school (private candidates) but wish to get a SSCE result. It is mostly theoretical as there are no practicals.
3. NCEE: The National Common Entrance Examination (NCEE) is for admission into Junior Secondary School (JSS 1) of Federal Government Unity Colleges. Only Final year pupils of Primary Schools are eligible to write the exam.
4. BECE: The Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) is the examination conducted for candidates in their final year of Junior Secondary School. It is used for transition from JSS 3 of the basic education class to the senior secondary school.
BECE: BECE certificate replaces the primary school certificate as the first school leaving certificate.
SSCE: At the end of the exams, the results of candidates are released after a 45 days marking period. Candidates are then issued a certificate (original result) after another 45 days which is a total of 90 days after sitting for the exam. Internal candidates can collect their certificate from the school they wrote their exam whike private candidates can collect their certificate from the NECO state offices.
Can NECO SSCE certificate/ result be used abroad?
This is a question that many students who couldn’t get their WAEC certificates or chose to write only NECO usually ask. Well, the answer to this is YES!. NECO SSCE certificate is internationally recognised as an O’Level certificate and it it accepted by most international universities and tertiary education institutions.
3. Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board, JAMB
The Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board is a Federal Government instituted body that was established on 13th February, 1978 to conduct and moderate entrance examinations into universities, polytechnics and other tertiary institutions in Nigeria.
This board is responsible for the examination that admits students into any public or private tertiary education institution in the country. The official JAMB website is www.jamb.gov.ng
UTME: The Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination is a Computer Based Test (CBT) exam that is conducted in approved JAMB centres in every state of the Federation. It is usually conducted between early March to late May every year.
Students are to sit for an examination of 2 hours and are required to answer 180 questions from the Use of English and 3 other subjects relevant to the candidates chosen course. Click here to see the Jamb brochure and subject combination for each course. The results are scored over a total of 400.
4. Joint Universities Preliminary Examinations Board, JUPEB
The Joint Universities Preliminary Examinations Board (JUPEB) is a national examinations body approved by the Federal Government of Nigeria in December 2013. It was formally established in April 2014 by a consortium of ten (10) partnering universities led by the University of Lagos. The official website of JUPEB is jupeb.edu.ng
The board has the responsibility of conducting common and standard examinations for the candidates, who have been exposed to a minimum of one-year approved courses in the different Universities’s Foundation and/or Diploma Programmes and are seeking Direct Entry admissions into University courses at the 200 Level in Nigerian and partnering foreign universities.
JUPEB Examination Subjects
JUPEB currently offers examinations in the following nineteen (19) subjects as detailed in its syllabi.
1. Arts and Humanities:
- Christian Religious Studies
- Islamic Religious Studies
- Visual Arts
2. Management and Social Sciences:
- Business Studies
- Agricultural Science
JUPEB is an ‘A’ Level degree awarding programme so candidates don’t need to write JAMB’s UTME but are required to register as DE (Direct Entry) students.
5. National Business and Technical Examinations Board, NAPTEB
The National Business and Technical Examinations Board was established in 1992 to domesticate craft level examinations which were hitherto conducted by City & Guilds, Pittman’s, and Royal Society of Arts all of UK in accordance with the provisions of the National Policy on Education. Its establishment was the climax of an evolutionary process which spanned 15 years from 1977 to 1992 and in which FOUR Government Panels at different times were set up to review the place and structure of public examinations in our educational system. The official website of the body is www.nabteb.gov.ng
Conduct examinations leading to the award of the;
- National Technical Certificate (NTC)
- Advanced National Technical Certificate (ANTC)
- National Business Certificate (NBC)
- Advanced National Business Certificate (ANBC)
- Modular Trade Certificate (MTC)
The body is responsible for conducting entrance examinations into Technical Colleges and allied institutions. The exams conucted are:
- May/June Nabteb Exams
- Nov/June Nabteb Exams
6. Interim Joint Matriculation Board, IJMB
The Interim Joint Matriculation Board is a nine-month Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria moderated Advanced Level (A’Level) programme. IJMB is a federal government approved programme and certified by Nigerian University Commission (NUC). The official website of the body is www.ijmb.com.ng
The board was set up to serve as an alternative method of gaining admission into a tertiary institution in Nigeria into 200 level via Direct Entry (D.E) form. Their goal is to allow successful students to get admissions into 200 level of almost Nigerian universities and candidates can actually study any course of their choice with this interesting programme including but not limited to Medicine, Law, Accounting, Business Administration, Mass comm. Linguistics ETC.
IJMB allows you to choose three courses/subjects that are related to what you want to study at the university of your choice.
The highest point for each course is five(5) points, which is denoted by A. That is, all three courses will have fifteen (15) points in total, with an addition of one (1) if in the three courses/subjects you don’t have F(fail) which stands for 0 points. Making a total of sixteen points (16) altogether.
As an ‘A’ Level result awarding body, you don’t need to write JAMB’s UTME to gain admission into any IJMB partnered university. Click here to see the list of schools that accept IJMB. IJMB is usually a 10 months programme but sometimes ends at 5 to 7 months and the certificate awarded lasts for a lifetime.